Бошњачке жртве увећане, српске умањене

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Date: Sat, 4 Oct 2008 23:15:08 -0700

Бошњачке жртве увећане, српске умањене

Међународни симпозијум о Сребреници у Бањалуци. – „Одлуке о броју страдалих доносе се у светским центрима моћи, првенствено у Вашингтону“, тврди Анри Леви
Од нашег сталног дописника
Бањалука, 4. октобра – Нико не негира да су оружане снаге Републике Српске у јулу 1995. године починиле тежак ратни злочин над заробљеним Бошњацима, али то није био геноцид и тврдимо да је, на основу доказа које имамо, број страдалих знатно увећан, основна је порука међународног симпозијума о Сребреници који је данас одржан у Бањалуци. Симпозијум је организовала невладина организација „Историјски пројекат Сребреница“, чије је седиште у Холандији
„Тачно је да је у Сребреници погубљен велики број заробљених Бошњака и да је то био велики ратни злочин. Али, нема ниједног доказа да је тај злочин почињен на основу наредбе цивилног или војног врха Републике Српске. Такође, нема доказа да је у и око Сребренице убијено око осам хиљада Бошњака. Колико год је број страдалих Бошњака увећан, толико су српске жртве на овом подручју умањене, да не кажем потцењене“, рекао је председник „Историјског пројекта Сребреница“ амерички адвокат Стефан Каргановић.
Патолог из Београда др Љубиша Симић је казао да је анализирао картоне страдалих које су, после откопавања масовних гробница, урадили патолози и форензичари које је ангажовао Хашки трибунал. „Обрадили смо 2.211 случајева, и дошли до закључка да су само 584 жртве стрељане. За око хиљаду случајева није се могао утврдити узрок смрти, а 421 жртва је настрадала од последица артиљеријске ватре. Логична претпоставка је да су они страдали у борбама, а не да су стрељани. Када кажем случајева, желим рећи да то све нису били комплетни скелетни остаци, већ, врло често, само делови скелета – понекад се радило само о једној кости, или стопалу. На тај начин је број жртава увећаван, јер је, рецимо, једна вилична кост нађена у гробници третирана као један страдали човек“, нагласио је др Симић.
Анри Леви је упозорио да се одлуке о свему, па и броју страдалих, доносе у светским центрима моћи, првенствено у Вашингтону, и да нема никаквих шанси да се број страдалих Бошњака и званично умањи. Срби једино могу, додао је он, покушати да оборе тезу да су у Сребреници починили геноцид.
Американка Дајана Џонстон, ауторка књиге „Сулуди крсташи“, рекла је да су Сједињене Државе простор бивше Југославије искористиле као полигон на којем су увежбавале „разбијање утицаја Русије на бившем простору Совјетског Савеза“. „Америка је у БиХ и на Космету играла улогу хероја који спасава муслимане од српских злочина“, казала је она. Немачки новинар Јирген Елсер је, поред осталог, указао на извештај Војног института Холандије, који је својеврсна оптужница против Америке за многе ствари које су се догодиле у босанскохерцеговачком рату.
Б. Марић
[објављено: 05/10/2008.]

Kome su masakri bili od koristi!? – Dok se mi svadjamo treći koristi!!!

Tudjman i Izedbegović bili su na robiji zbog sejanja mržnje medju narodima. Puštanje na slobodu je dovelo do krvoprolića i stim potvrdilo opravdanost zatvora. Obadvojica su bila izolovani višegodišnjom robijom od naroda kako nebi sijali mržnju i izazivali pokolj. To je nepobitna istorijska činjenica. Isto tako je nepobitna istorijska činjenica da su obadvojica po puštanju iz zatvora nastavili svoja zlonamerna „dela“ širenjem mržnje medju narodima koja je kulminirala u krvoproliće. Iz toga se može zaključitzi da su oni koji su ih strpali u zatvor bili u podpunom pravu. Kako je to praksa po izlasku iz zatvora potvrdila. Za vreme njihovog boravka u zatvoru je više od dvadeset miliona živilo u sigurnosti gde niko nije bio likvidiran zbog vere ili nacije kojoj pripada a kamoli masakriran. Po izlasku iz zatvora radili su ubrzano na širenju mržnje da bi ostvarili secesiju, to je istorija potvrdila. Tu nema dilema da su njih dvojica glavni krivci za nastale žrtve seceonističkim delovanjem odnosno, sejanjem mržnje da bi na kraju opravdali secesiju koju je podržavala Amerika i njeni EU vazali koji se nisu uztezali da politikom zavadi pa vladaj sipalu ulje u vatru kako bi milom ili silom nametnuli globalizaciju koja nije ništa drugo do kolonizacije da bi došli do sirovina po ceni koju pobednik diktira. Suludo je jedno na druge svaljivati krivicu a pri tome izostavljati prave vinovnike i podstrekivače „režisere“ diverznih zločina kojima nije bilo važno ko je žrtva a ko egzekutor već samo to da dodje po svaku cenu do slabljenja suverene države. Dobijeno iskustvo se stavljalo u interes novih imperijalističkih poduhvata kao što to dokazuje rat protiv Iraka kao i priprema za otimanje Ruskog gasa i nafte. Srbi, Hrvati i Muslimani a i druge manjine nisu postale žrtve zato što su po religiji ili nacionalnoj pripadnosti to što jesu već zato što je to odgovaralo onima koji su krenuli u pohod pod zastavom globalizacije. Svako medjusobno krvavljenje ide samo u korist svojem zajedničkom dušmanu. Dok se ta istina ne shvati i ne počne po njoj ravnati. u svakodnevnom životu, neće biti mira niti prosperiteta za narode Balkana pa ma kako se oni to zvali; srbim, musliman ili hrvat ili bilo kako drugačije. Naoružanje Istočne Nemačke, tada 6 armije sveta izporučivano je odnosno prodavano BH i H. Dok se mi svadjamo treći koristi!

Dušan Nonković

Zagušljiv i mracan prostor Helsinškog odbora…

„U evropskom Briselu vec duvaju jesenji vetrovi, pa dok politicari idu na posao gde u Evropskom parlamentu dele pravdu, zaklonjeni od vetra, ne vide koliko se ta otrcana transparentnost kojom se decenijama hvale, danas uz pomoc Sonje Biserko, izgubila u nekom zagušljivom i mracenom prostoru, u kome je teško nazreti, a kamoli videti ili prepoznati granice dozvoljenog i prihvatljivog.“
Procitajte ceo clanak na:  www.janic.se

Die deutschen Anstrengungen, gegen die serbische Initiative !

Newsletter vom 03.10.2008 – Willkür an der Macht

BELGRAD/PRISTINA/BERLIN (Eigener Bericht) – Wegen einer serbischen
UNO-Initiative steht die Berliner Kosovo-Politik vor einer schweren
Niederlage. Belgrad will die UNO-Vollversammlung veranlassen, beim
Internationalen Gerichtshof in Den Haag ein Gutachten über die
Abspaltung seiner Südprovinz einzuholen. Eine entsprechende Abstimmung
wird am kommenden Mittwoch erwartet. Die deutschen Anstrengungen,
gegen die serbische Initiative eine Mehrheit zu mobilisieren, bleiben
erfolglos. Erstmals kündigen UNO-Mitglieder an, ihre Anerkennung der
kosovarischen Sezession rückgängig zu machen, sollte Den Haag die
Illegalität der Abspaltung bestätigen. Während EU-Funktionäre
erklären, dem Votum des Internationalen Gerichtshofs kein Gewicht
beimessen zu wollen, arbeitet Berlin weiter am Aufbau der
völkerrechtswidrigen kosovarischen Eigenstaatlichkeit. Gegen das
Personal, das der Westen in Pristina an die Regierung gebracht hat,
werden neue Vorwürfe laut. Berichten zufolge liegen jetzt weitere
Hinweise auf kriminellen Organhandel im Kosovo vor; der kosovarische
„Ministerpräsident“ soll in das Verbrechen verwickelt sein. Ein
designierter „Botschafter“ Pristinas in einem europäischen Staat wird
schwerer krimineller Handlungen beschuldigt.

mehr
http://www.german-foreign-policy.com/de/fulltext/57353

PREMIJERA MONODRAME

PREMIJERA MONODRAME

Mileva Mariæ Ajn¹tajn

(na nemaèkom jeziku)

01.11.2008

U 20 èasova

Hotel Winkelried

Landstrasse 36

Mileva Mariæ je bila supruga Alberta Ajn¹tajna i ¾ena koja je zaslu¾na za njegov uspeh. Ostavio ju je kada se penjao stepenicama slave i kad je verovao da mu njena pomoæ vi¹e neæe biti potrebna. Posle rastanka sa njom nije dovr¹io ni jedno delo koje je zapoèeo… Za njegovu ljubav je ¾rtvovala sve pa i prvorodjeno dete, kæerku Lizerl…

Igra: Marianne Haas

Autor i re¾ija: Miodrag Lukiæ

Realizacija: Pozori¹te Duga

Rezervacije: pozoriste_duga @yahoo.de

+41 79 438 73 72

+41 79 723 49 43

+41 78 809 74 42

Cena ulaznice: 15.- Sfr

Molimo Vas da na vreme rezeriv¹ete ulaznice jer je broj mesta ogranièen.

Srdaèan pozdrav

Pozori¹te Duga

Miodrag Lukic

www.pozoristeduga.com

Kollaps weiterer deutscher Banken in dieser Woche

Newsletter vom 06.10.2008 – Doppelte Krise

BERLIN/PARIS (Eigener Bericht) – Nach den Komplikationen bei der
Rettung des Immobilienfinanzierers Hypo Real Estate schließen
Fachleute den Kollaps weiterer deutscher Banken in dieser Woche nicht
aus. Mehrere Finanzinstitute sind von akuten Refinanzierungsnöten
betroffen; der Zusammenbruch droht das Bankensystem Europas weitgehend
zu erfassen. Wie ein selbst ernanntes EU-Direktorium („G4“) am Samstag
auf Betreiben Berlins beschlossen hat, sollen die EU-Staaten ihre
Banken je eigenständig stützen – auch unter Zugriff auf Steuergelder.
Die Pläne für die Umverteilung mehrstelliger Milliardenbeträge werden
von ernsten Auseinandersetzungen zwischen Berlin und Paris begleitet.
Anlass sind französische Forderungen, die EU solle nach US-Vorbild
Summen in dreistelliger Milliardenhöhe für private Finanzinstitute
bereitstellen. Die Bundesregierung besteht auf einer nationalen Lösung
und hat eine EU-Regelung am Samstag erfolgreich verhindert.
Hintergrund sind langfristige deutsch-französische Streitigkeiten um
die Wirtschaftspolitik der EU, die Berlin bislang für sich entscheiden
konnte. Die französische Presse spricht – zusätzlich zu den
Zusammenbruchs-Szenarien – von einer „schweren Krise“ zwischen Berlin
und Paris.

mehr
http://www.german-foreign-policy.com/de/fulltext/57354

CIJI LI JE COVEK OVAJ JEREMIC – TADIC? Srpski sigurno nije!!

CIJI LI JE COVEK OVAJ JEREMIC – TADIC? Srpski sigurno nije!!

DOK VLADA ZVANIČNO ODBIJA MISIJU EU NA KOSOVU, AMBASADOR SAD TVRDI SUPROTNO

Manter: Jeremić nam obećao Euleks

Slobodan Samardžić: Premijer Cvetković još u avgustu je izjavio da vlada treba da sarađuje u sprovođenju Euleksa i već tada je bilo jasno da postoje kontakti vlade sa SAD .Oliver Ivanović: Vlada ostaje pri stavu da Unmik i Kfor može zameniti samo SB UN. Misiju šalje EU, koju poštujemo i koja je naš cilj, ali ona nema pravo, niti ovlašćenje da jednostrano promeni sastav međunarodne misije na Kosovu

BEOGRAD – Šef diplomatije Vuk Jeremić obećao je državnom sekretaru SAD Kondolizi Rajs nedavno u SAD, savetniku za nacionalnu bezbednost američkog predsednika Stivenu Hedliju, ali i meni lično da će Srbija podržati uspostavljanje Euleksa na celom Kosovu. I mi Jeremića držimo za reč – ovo je otprilike preksinoć rekao američki ambasador u Beogradu Kameron Manter.

Sekretar za Kosmet „portparol“ MIP
Diplomatski predstavnik Vašingtona u Srbiji rekao je to u mikrofon TV B92, ali te izjave, iako je to običaj, na sajtu pomenute medijske kuće – nema. Zato samo možemo da interpretiramo ono što je Manter rekao.
Odgovora od šefa srpske diplomatije do zaključenja ovog izdanja našeg lista nije bilo, iako je iz MIP-a obećan. Inače, u agencijskim izveštajima posle susreta Jeremića sa Rajsovom nije bilo ni reči o Euleksu.
Jedino se na istoj medijskoj kući oglasio državni sekretar u Ministarstvu za Kosmet Oliver Ivanović isticanjem da Vlada Srbije ostaje pri stavu da Unmik i Kfor može zameniti samo SB UN.
– Sve drugo je nelegalno. Misiju šalje EU, koju poštujemo i koja je naš cilj, ali ona nema pravo, niti ovlašćenje da jednostrano promeni sastav međunarodne misije na Kosovu – naveo je Ivanović.

A da se „ispod žita“ nešto valja govore i reči nemačkog ambasadora u Beogradu Volframa Masa, koji je juče ustvrdio da je „ohrabren razgovorima u Beogradu da je moguće naći rešenje za status Euleksa“. Slično je, pre neki dan, govorio i šef misije EU na Kosovu Piter Fejt, ističući da ima kontakata na raznim nivoima sa Beogradom. A i zamenik šefa Euleksa Roj Riv izjavio je da će ta misija do kraja jeseni obezbediti podršku Srbije i lokalnih Srba za razmeštaj u severnom delu Kosova. Najavio je i intenziviranje razgovora sa Beogradom, koji se „odvijaju na relaciji NJujork-Brisel-Beograd“. I sam predsednik Srbije Boris Tadić, uoči odlaska na zasedanje Generalne skupštine UN u NJujork, gde se sastao sa pedesetak državnika, istakao je da će to biti prilika i da razgovara o Euleksu.

Misija EU je upravo i kamen spoticanja u maratonskim konsultacijama ministra za Kosmet Gorana Bogdanovića sa opozicijom o rezoluciji o Pokrajini.

Ni „e“ od Euleksa
U vladinom predlogu rezolucije nigde se ne pominje Euleks, već u tački osam piše: „U vezi sa najavom novih modela međunarodnog civilnog prisustva na Kosmetu, Vlada Srbije se obavezuje da se kroz mehanizme UN angažuje na pronalasku odgovarajućeg oblika i pravog osnova za takvo prisustvo, koje legitimitet za svoje postojanje, organizaciju i delokrug može dobiti jedino od SB UN. Međunarodno civilno prisustvo na Kosmetu ne može za svoj cilj imati primenu plana Martija Ahtisarija, koji je odbačen od SB UN i Skupštine“.

Međutim, to opoziciji nije dovoljno – insistira na eksplicitnom odbacivanju Euleksa, što ona i čini u kontrapredlogu rezolucije 108 poslanika.
– Premijer Cvetković još u avgustu je izjavio da vlada treba da sarađuje u sprovođenju Euleksa i već tada je bilo jasno da postoje kontakti vlade sa SAD ili nekim drugim međunarodnim faktorima – rekao je bivši ministar za Kosmet Slobodan Samardžić i dodao da zato oni izbegavaju da u rezoluciju stave Euleks kao temu, a to je „samoubistveni potez države da sama sebi oduzima teritoriju“.

Kosovo Serbs earning their living in U.S. Army

Kosovo Serbs earning their living in U.S. Army

Although they still remember the American bombing of Serbia almost ten years ago, Kosovo Serbs are joining the U.S. Amy and they’re choosing to go to Iraq or Afghanistan to put food on the table back home. Strpce, nestled in the mountains of Kosovo, is a postcard scene. The peace of this scene belies the hatred and mistrust that has grown there in the ten years since the war in Kosovo. The isolated Serbs live in the enclave of Strpce, surrounded by Albanians – and palpable hostility. These are poor and hungry times for the Kosovo Serbs and the elders fear for many the only way is out. “Most people here used to work in agriculture or in the nearby ski resort at Brezovica. But since the NATO bombardment nearly ten years ago, that’s impossible and so most of us have no work,” says Zvonko Mihalovic, President of the Serbian Municipality in Strpce. In Strpce Sasha Zdravkovic is a lucky man. At least he has a job. Eight out of ten people there do not. His dream is to train as an English teacher – a dream that costs money. To find the money it’s very likely that he’ll to have to risk his life. He’s applied for a job working with the American forces in Afghanistan. Sasha says his parents don’t work any more and he needs to earn money for them and for himself. Djordgje, who asked not to be identified, risked all in Afghanistan and lived to tell the tale. He worked there for 15 months earning $US 200 a day – a week’s salary in Strpce. “The main reason I went is to make some better money, start doing some private business,” explained Djordgje. Now that’s he’s back home, he’s building a house for his wife and two children. He’s also picking up again on a life of fear and loathing where speaking out is a risk. For those left behind in the dash for Afghanistan it is no easier. Nikola Krstic’s cousin has been working in Afghanistan for two years. Each month he sends money home. All his family can send in return are prayers. “I am afraid for his life, I pray for his health and for his life everyday. Only God can save us and save the people who work in Iraq and Afghanistan,” says Nikola. It’s often a difficult bargain as Veljko Miladinovic found out. He worked for the Americans at a military base not far from Strpce. Even without the risks of Afghanistan it was difficult to shake the feeling of working for the enemy – the same people who sent bombers less than a decade ago. “I couldn’t sleep. I was angry with myself that I must work for them,” he says. But for most young Serbs its survival and money first, questions later.

Global Views – Letters from Tokyo – Kosovo and the Crisis of Ignoring International Law and Global Opinions

Global Views
Letters from Tokyo
Kosovo and the Crisis of Ignoring International Law and Global Opinions
By Lee Jay Walker
Tokyo Correspondent

Kosovars celebrate their independence in Pristina and show off their new flag. Photo Courtesy of Getty Images

Kosovo obtained part independence when America and many European nations gave the go ahead for the creation of this new nation. However, it is clear that things are not plain sailing because many other nations did not support this elitist adventure, therefore, the wider international community was ignored. So today we have a situation where some nations support this new state (47 nations currently support this nation), however, the majority of nations in Africa, Asia, and South America, have not given their consent. Also, the Russian Federation, Spain, and some other European nations, refuse to accept this American led adventure. So what does the future hold for Kosovo and international law?

Firstly, the current status of limbo is a shock to America and many European nations because they believed that the majority of other nations would follow suit, however, at the moment this isn`t happening. Therefore, the influence of the Russian Federation, China, India, and other nations who are against the independence of Kosovo, is much deeper than America imagined. Also, many nations are aghast by the elitism of this new venture and of course many nations worry that the same may happen to them.

Another negative side effect is the fact that Abkhazia and South Ossetia in Georgia have clear justifications to claim the same rights, with regards to the American model of bypassing international law and the United Nations. So if America can violate international law so easily, then America should expect other nations to follow suit. Therefore, many other would be nations in other parts of the world also claim to have the same natural rights. Of course the United States, the United Kingdom, and others, are claiming that Kosovo is unique, but this is not based on reality because you have too many conflicts all over the world. So a „can of worms“ is the real cause and effect of this naive policy.

Nations which are against this American led venture have stated clearly that they are very unhappy with the blatant attitude of elitist Western nations. The Foreign Minister of Argentina, Jorge Taiana, stated „if we were to recognise Kosovo, which has declared its independence unilaterally, without an agreement with Serbia, we would set a dangerous precedent that would seriously threaten our chances of a political settlement in the case of the Falkland Islands.“

The newly elected President of Cyprus, Dimitris Christofias, was even more outspoken because he stated „The one thing that Kosovo and Cyprus have in common, as far as the situation in these regions is concerned, is that in both cases, the basic principles of international law and legality, as well as UN decisions, are constantly being violated.“ A similar comment was made by Miguel Angel Moratinos, the Spanish Foreign Minister, because he made it clear that „the Government of Spain will not recognise the unilateral act proclaimed by the assembly of Kosovo […] We will not recognise because we consider […] this does not respect international law.“

Therefore, this issue is very important and complex and it is not about denying either the majority Kosovo Albanians independence or supporting minorities like the Serbians, Roma, and other minorities in Kosovo. It is about a deeper issue and this applies to international law. So if America and her supporters can justify Kosovo then what about creating new independent nations for the Abkhazians and South Ossetians in Georgia, Palestinians, Karen in Myanmar, Tamils in Sri Lanka, West Papuans in Indonesia, Basques in Spain, Balochis in Pakistan, and the list can go on and on; so do these ethnic groups deserve independence?

This is the problem because you can not seriously claim that Kosovo is special or unique. After all, you have countless conflicts in the world and many ethnic groups face terrible persecution. Therefore, many other ethnic groups are aghast by events and Yasser Abed Rabbo, a Palestinian politician, stated „Kosovo is not better than us. We deserve independence even before Kosovo, and we ask for the backing of the United States and the European Union for our independence. If things are not going in the direction of continuous and serious negotiations, then we should take the step and announce our independence unilaterally.“

Also, the international community, on a whole, is saying that this colonial attitude is really not warrented and of course major institutions, like the United Nations, have been violated and the same applies to international law. So we have a genuine dilemma over this issue and again if the United Nations and international law can be violated, then why have either? Sadly, nations like the United States believe that they are above the international community because they also bypassed international law when they attacked Iraq and bombed the former Yugoslavia.

You also have problems within Kosovo itself and major divisions still exist. This especially applies to northern Kosovo because the Serbian community is relatively sizeable throughout this region. Therefore, you still have major flashpoints and Serbians, the Roma, and other minorities, feel isolated or abandoned. Also, the international community must still guard and protect Serbians, the Roma, and other minorities, throughout the whole of Kosovo. This in itself is evidence that the institutions of Kosovo are weak.

Therefore, the longer this situation remains in limbo the worse it will get because we have already seen convulsions in Georgia based on the Kosovo model. Whereby nations can now clearly state that America, the United Kingdom, France, and others, violated international law, therefore, other nations can follow suit and support their own self interests. So what does the future hold for Kosovo, countless other conflicts throughout the world, the United Nations, and international law?

Lee Jay Walker Dip BA MA
http://journals.aol.com/leejaywalker/uk

Russian Information Agency Novosti – From Munich to Kosovo

http://en.rian.ru/analysis/20081001/117364733.html

Russian Information Agency Novosti
October 1, 2008

From Munich to Kosovo
John Laughland

-[On] the 70th anniversary year of Munich, the Western
powers have indeed precisely repeated it.
In February 2008, in the face of the threat of the use
of force by Albanian separatists in Serbia, the United
States and the European Union recognised the
independence of Kosovo.
-They thereby unilaterally destroyed the territorial
integrity of Serbia, just as the integrity of
Czechoslovakia was destroyed 70 years ago.
-[T]he „independence“ of Kosovo resembles the bogus
„independence“ of Slovakia under the puppet regime of
Monsignor Tiso, which Hitler encouraged Tiso to
proclaim in March 1939 and which he used as a pretext
for the simultaneous German occupation of the Czech
lands.
-As for the consequences of the Kosovo recognition, it
appears, also like Munich, to have started a dangerous
ball rolling in the Caucasus. It must be our fervent
hope that the parallels stop now.

The 70th anniversary of the Munich agreement, reached
on 30th September 1938, opens what will doubtless now
be many years of formal reminiscence about the Second
World War.

As the events of the 1930s and 1940s recede in time,
indeed, the shadows they cast over the present seem to
grow ever longer. Contemporary politics is now guided
by only a single (and negative) moral lodestar: the
black hole of Nazism.

The memory of Munich is therefore very important.

The agreement between Britain, France and Fascist
Italy to allow Nazi Germany to annex the Sudetenland
(the Western, German-inhabited parts of
Czechoslovakia) was the fruit of that policy known as
appeasement by which London and Paris tried to mollify
Hitler. The failure of this policy became
spectacularly obvious when Hitler occupied all of the
Czech lands in March 1939 and then attacked Poland on
1st September 1939.

As a result, Munich stands as a symbol for shameful
capitulation towards aggression.

Faced with the threat of the use of force by Hitler,
the Western powers agreed to destroy the very state
they had themselves created at Versailles only twenty
years previously. Czechoslovakia’s immediate
neighbours behaved no better: Poland, which later
succeeded in presenting itself as the supreme victim
of World War II, annexed the territory around Teschen,
while Hungary occupied parts of Southern and Eastern
Slovakia.

Munich is therefore frequently invoked, especially by
American neo-conservatives, in justification of
contemporary wars which, they say, are also responses
to aggression. Whether it is with respect to the
Yugoslavia of Slobodan Milosevic in 1999, the Iraq of
Saddam Hussein in 2003, or almost any country or
situation in the world, the mantra is that the
mistakes of 1938 must never be repeated.

How strange, therefore, that in the 70th anniversary
year of Munich, the Western powers have indeed
precisely repeated it.

In February 2008, in the face of the threat of the use
of force by Albanian separatists in Serbia, the United
States and the European Union recognised the
independence of Kosovo.

They had in fact strongly encouraged the original
proclamation of independence, and indeed the use of
force itself to the extent that they attacked
Yugoslavia in 1999 in support of the Albanian cause.

They thereby unilaterally destroyed the territorial
integrity of Serbia, just as the integrity of
Czechoslovakia was destroyed 70 years ago.

The EU then immediately dispatched a 2,000 strong team
of administrators to run the province, which in any
case is already home to a massive United States
military base housing thousands of GIs.

To that extent, the „independence“ of Kosovo resembles
the bogus „independence“ of Slovakia under the puppet
regime of Monsignor Tiso, which Hitler encouraged Tiso
to proclaim in March 1939 and which he used as a
pretext for the simultaneous German occupation of the
Czech lands.

Both recognitions destroyed the governments of the
countries affected.

In 1938, Munich led to the immediate collapse of the
patriotic government of President Edvard Benes; in
2008, the recognition of Kosovo immediately destroyed
the government of Vojislav Kostunica, the very man the
West hailed as a great democrat in 2000 when he
toppled Sloboan Milosevic from power.

In Prague in 1938, a collaborationist government took
power under Emil Hacha, who promised to try to protect
Czechoslovakia’s position in the New European Order
which was then emerging. (Many of his ministers were
convicted as war criminals in 1946.)

In 2008, the new Belgrade government under the
leadership of the Democratic Party President, Boris
Tadic, has similarly confirmed that Serbia’s
„principal strategic goal“ is to become a member of
the European Union – the same organisation which now
illegally administers Kosovo. (The EU administration
is illegal because United Nations Security Council
1244, passed in the aftermath of the NATO attack on
Yugoslavia, reaffirmed that Kosovo is part of Serbia
and that it is administered by the UN; its existence
emphasises that the so-called „independence“ of Kosovo
is, in reality, a kind of annexation.)

The parallel even extends to the last-ditch attempts
made respectively by Prague and Belgrade to hold on to
their territories.

President Benes negotiated with Konrad Henlein, the
Sudeten German leader, and promised both substantial
autonomy for the German-inhabited parts of the country
and a cabinet post for Henlein himself.

The government of Vojislav Kostunica was prepared to
give so much autonomy to Kosovo that the province
would have been freer in Serbia than it now is as a
US-EU protectorate.

In both 1938 and 2008, more importantly, the domestic
negotiations then under way were deliberately wrecked
by outside intervention.

Hitler’s occupation of the Czech lands in March 1939,
on the basis that the „artificial state“ of
Czechoslovakia had collapsed and that Germany needed
to preserve peace and stability, then invoked exactly
the same logic as the Western interventions in the
former Yugoslavia today.

It is obvious that the EU and the US, unlike Nazi
Germany, do not secretly harbour any plans for
wholesale genocide.

The evil they have perpetrated is therefore not in the
same league as Hitler’s.

But it is evil nonetheless, in particular because it
represents a unilateral abrogation, backed by military
force, of international laws (general principles of
law as well as UN Security Council resolutions) to
which these powers have themselves signed up.

It is here that the similarity with Munich is
strongest. As for the consequences of the Kosovo
recognition, it appears, also like Munich, to have
started a dangerous ball rolling in the Caucasus. It
must be our fervent hope that the parallels stop now.

John Laughland, a British historian and journalist, is
director of studies at the Institute of Democracy and
Cooperation in Paris.